“左撇子”有时是遗传缺陷的表达或是早期的发育迟缓。在这一期的Deutsches Ärzteblatt International上，Stefan Gutwinski与合著者对左撇子和右撇子提出当前的科学理解。
Gutwinski, S; Löscher, A; Mahler, L; Kalbitzer, J; Heinz, A; Bermpohl, F
Background: The human cerebrum is asymmetrical, consisting of two hemispheres with differing functions. Recent epidemiological and neurobiological research has shed new light on the development of the cerebral lateralization of motor processes, including handedness. In this article, we present these findings from a medical perspective.
Method: We selectively searched the PubMed online database for articles including the terms "handedness," "left handedness," "right handedness," and "cerebral lateralization." Highly ranked and commonly cited articles were included in our analysis.
Results: The emergence of handedness has been explained by physiological and pathological models. Handedness arose early in evolution and has probably been constitutive for the development of higher cognitive functions. For instance, handedness may have provided the basis for the development of speech and fine motor skills, both of which have played a critical role in the evolution of mankind. The disadvantages of certain types of handedness are discussed, as some cases seem to be associated with disease.
Conclusion: The consideration of handedness from the epidemiological, neurobiological, and medical points of view provides insight into cerebral lateralization.