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研究表明儿童旷课与抑郁症有关

2011/12/25 来源:生物谷
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旷课可能同时是儿童抑郁症的一种病因和症状。

一项来自加州大学Jeffrey Wood博士的“School Attendance Problems and Youth Psychopathology: Structural Cross-Lagged Regression Models in Three Longitudinal Data Sets”研究近日在《儿童发展》杂志上发表,这项研究表明旷课可能同时是儿童抑郁症的一种病因和症状。

在纵向研究中发现,在一年中有旷课的中学生更易在来年发生抑郁症和行为问题。同时研究者也发现,有抑郁症和行为问题的初中及高中学生在来年更易发生旷课行为。

作者称,该发现与这两方面互相恶化的假设相一致。例如,抑郁症学生由于缺乏学习动力与兴趣,导致其旷更多的课;而旷课带来的学业荒废和社会孤立感会恶化抑郁症。

研究者对3个基于学生到课情况、心理健康、及其他情况的研究进行了分析,发现在这些研究中,缺课次数与抑郁症和焦虑症及行为问题均相关。

在其中一项研究中,缺课较多者来年更容易发生焦虑症和抑郁症,而抑郁症和焦虑症者又更容易缺课。且行为问题与缺课也存在该联系。而另外2项研究,在学生到达相应年龄前该联系并不一致。

作者指出,青少年体内激素水平发生变化,父母的看护相对减少,更加独立并相互影响较大等因素可能与上述现象有关。

而上述一些在初中发生的现象未发生在高中生身上的原因,可能是严重旷课导致学业荒废而未能进入高中。


School Attendance Problems and Youth Psychopathology: Structural Cross-Lagged Regression Models in Three Longitudinal Data Sets

Jeffrey J. Wood, Sarah D. Lynne-Landsman, David A. Langer, Patricia A. Wood, Shaunna L. Clark, J. Mark Eddy, Nick Ialongo

This study tests a model of reciprocal influences between absenteeism and youth psychopathology using 3 longitudinal datasets (Ns = 20,745, 2,311, and 671). Participants in 1st through 12th grades were interviewed annually or biannually. Measures of psychopathology include self-, parent-, and teacher-report questionnaires. Structural cross-lagged regression models were tested. In a nationally representative data set (Add Health), middle school students with relatively greater absenteeism at Study Year 1 tended toward increased depression and conduct problems in Study Year 2, over and above the effects of autoregressive associations and demographic covariates. The opposite direction of effects was found for both middle and high school students. Analyses with 2 regionally representative data sets were also partially supportive. Longitudinal links were more evident in adolescence than in childhood.

文献链接:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01677.x/abstract

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