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适当工作的妈妈情绪更健康

2011/12/14 来源:新华网
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美国研究人员12月12日公布的一份报告显示,如果孩子尚在幼儿及学前阶段,从事一定兼职工作的女性比全职在家的主妇更能保持健康情绪,也更快乐。

美国研究人员12月12日公布的一份报告显示,如果孩子尚在幼儿及学前阶段,从事一定兼职工作的女性比全职在家的主妇更能保持健康情绪,也更快乐。

美国北卡罗来纳大学的研究人员分析了“儿童早期护理和青年发展”研究的相关数据。这项研究始于1991年,共有1364名女性在孩子出生后的10年内接受了调查,其中约25%的人在带孩子期间从事兼职工作。在这项研究中,兼职工作被定义为每周工作1小时至32小时之间。

研究人员发现,从事兼职工作的妈妈自我报告的总体健康状况显著好于全职妈妈,前者患抑郁症的情况也更少。与全职妈妈相比,从事兼职工作的妈妈在介入孩子学校的互动活动方面表现不差,但在孩子尚处于学前阶段时,对孩子更敏感,通常也能为孩子提供更多的互动学习机会。

相关研究报告12日发表在美国《家庭心理学期刊》上。研究人员表示,这项研究的局限之一是每个家庭只有一个孩子统计在内,因此需要进一步研究确认上述发现。


Mothers' part-time employment: Associations with mother and family well-being

Buehler, Cheryl; O'Brien, Marion 

The associations between mothers' part-time employment and mother well-being, parenting, and family functioning were examined using seven waves of the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development data (N = 1,364), infancy through middle childhood. Concurrent comparisons were made between families in which mothers were employed part time and both those in which mothers were not employed and those in which mothers were employed full time. Using multivariate analysis of covariance with extensive controls, results indicated that mothers employed part time had fewer depressive symptoms during the infancy and preschool years and better self-reported health at most time points than did nonemployed mothers. Across the time span studied, mothers working part time tended to report less conflict between work and family than those working full time. During their children's preschool years, mothers employed part time exhibited more sensitive parenting than did other mothers, and at school age were more involved in school and provided more learning opportunities than mothers employed full time. Mothers employed part time reported doing a higher proportion of child care and housework than mothers employed full time. Part-time employment appears to have some benefits for mothers and families throughout the child rearing years. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved)

文献链接http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2011-23768-001/

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