新证据:读书可以延长寿命
2016/08/14
又多了一个读书的理由!新研究表明,读书可以延长2年的寿命,读书的频率越多,效果越好。研究人员推测,这可能与阅读带来的认知益处有关。


根据一项新研究,读书可以延长2年的寿命,读书的频率越多,效果越好。相关结果于近日发表在《Social Science & Medicine》杂志上。

尽管Kindle及其他电子阅读器越来越普及,但印刷书籍的销售量也在不断上升。读书不仅是一种流行的消遣,许多研究还表示它对健康有好处。例如,近期有研究发现阅读小说可以鼓励人们换位思考,如今耶鲁大学公共卫生学院流行病学教授 Becca R. Levy及其同事表示,读书可能会带来更大的健康益处,他们发现读书可以帮助人们延长寿命。

在该研究中,研究小组分析了《Health and Retirement Study》项目中的3625名志愿者的数据,这些志愿者均为美国50岁及以上代表性样本,研究基线为所有的参与者均有阅读习惯。

研究人员对受试者进行了12年的随访,监测其生存情况。结果发现,与不阅读的人相比,每周阅读3.5小时的人在随访期间的死亡率低17%,每周阅读超过3.5小时的人死亡率低23%。

总体而言,在随访期间,与不阅读的人相比,经常阅读的人寿命要长2年。

作者指出,受过高等教育以及收入较高的女性阅读量最高。与不阅读相比,阅读杂志和报纸也可延长寿命,虽然这种效应远小于阅读书籍。

在考虑受试者的性别、年龄、财富、教育、自我健康报告、并存病及婚姻状况等因素之后,该研究结果仍适用。然而,该研究并未明确读书增加生存率的机制,但他们推测这可能与阅读带来的认知益处有关。2013年发表的一项研究发现,阅读可促进脑细胞的连接。虽然该研究仍需进一步探究,但目前很受阅读爱好者欢迎。

备注:本文根据MNT网站编译

相关连接:

Reading books could increase lifespan

所有文章仅代表作者观点,不代表本站立场。如若转载请联系原作者。
查看更多
  • A chapter a day: Association of book reading with longevity

    Although books can expose people to new people and places, whether books also have health benefits beyond other types of reading materials is not known. This study examined whether those who read books have a survival advantage over those who do not read books and over those who read other types of materials, and if so, whether cognition mediates this book reading effect. The cohort consisted of 3635 participants in the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study who provided information about their reading patterns at baseline. Cox proportional hazards models were based on survival information up to 12 years after baseline. A dose-response survival advantage was found for book reading by tertile (HRT2 = 0.83, p < 0.001, HRT3 = 0.77, p < 0.001), after adjusting for relevant covariates including age, sex, race, education, comorbidities, self-rated health, wealth, marital status, and depression. Book reading contributed to a survival advantage that was significantly greater than that observed for reading newspapers or magazines (tT2 = 90.6, p < 0.001; tT3 = 67.9, p < 0.001). Compared to non-book readers, book readers had a 23-month survival advantage at the point of 80% survival in the unadjusted model. A survival advantage persisted after adjustment for all covariates (HR = .80, p < .01), indicating book readers experienced a 20% reduction in risk of mortality over the 12 years of follow up compared to non-book readers. Cognition mediated the book reading-survival advantage (p = 0.04). These findings suggest that the benefits of reading books include a longer life in which to read them.

    展开 收起
发表评论 我在frontend\modules\comment\widgets\views\文件夹下面 test