J NUTR:女性吃方便面更易得心脏病、糖尿病和中风
2014/08/14
生活中,有人因为忙吃方便面,也有人因为懒吃方便面。人们虽知道它有危害,但大多数人很难战胜方便面这种“奇特的魅力”。近日,发表在《The Journal of Nutrition》杂志上的一项研究发现,方便面可能会增加一个人患心脏病、糖尿病和中风的风险,尤其是女性。


近日,发表在《The Journal of Nutrition》杂志上的一项研究发现,拉面(方便面)可能会增加一个人心脏代谢综合征的风险,尤其是女性。

拉面消费在亚洲人群中最高,尤其是在韩国。近年来,韩国健康问题快速增长,尤其是心脏病,体重超重的成年人也越来越多。这些变化可能会导致心血管疾病死亡率和医疗费用的增加。

该研究发现,一周吃两次或两次以上的拉面与心脏代谢综合征有关,该病症会增加人体患心脏病和其它疾病的可能性,比如糖尿病和中风。

研究人员还发现这种现象在女性中更为普遍,这是因为女性和男性之间的生理差异(如性激素和新陈代谢)导致的;男性和女性的饮食习惯也有所不同。

此外,还有一个导致性别差异的因素——bisphenol A(BPA)。BPA是包装拉面的聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料容器中含有的一种化合物,该物质会干扰荷尔蒙在机体传递信息的方式,特别是雌激素。

研究人员表示,撇开性别差异不说,该研究结果提醒我们了解所吃食物的危害性对人体健康非常重要。

小编寄语

生活中,有人因为忙吃方便面,也有人因为懒吃方便面。人们虽知道它有危害,但大多数人因为这种危害不会快速形成,又或者存在侥幸心理觉得吃一次不会怎么样,很难彻底戒掉方便面。虽然发表该研究的研究人员称,该结果会给人们进行健康的饮食提供导向,但是能否战胜方便面这种“奇特的魅力”真的值得怀疑。

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  • Instant Noodle Intake and Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Distinct Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Korea

    The consumption of instant noodles is relatively high in Asian populations. It is unclear whether a higher intake of instant noodles is associated with cardiometabolic risk independent of overall dietary patterns. We therefore investigated the association using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV 2007–2009, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of the Korean population with a clustered, multistage, stratified, and rolling sampling design. A total of 10,711 adults (54.5% women) 19–64 y of age were analyzed, with adjustment for sampling design complexity. Diet was assessed by using a 63-item food-frequency questionnaire. We identified 2 major dietary patterns with the use of principal components analysis: the “traditional dietary pattern” (TP), rich in rice, fish, vegetables, fruit, and potatoes, and the “meat and fast-food pattern” (MP), with less rice intake but rich in meat, soda, fried food, and fast food including instant noodles. The highest MP quintile was associated with increased prevalence of abdominal obesity (OR: 1.41; 95% CI: 1.05, 1.90), LDL cholesterol ≥130 mg/dL (1.3 g/L) (OR: 1.57, 95% CI 1.26, 1.95), decreased prevalence of low HDL cholesterol (OR: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.53, 0.80), and high triglycerides [≥150 mg/dL (1.5 g/L); OR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.57, 0.93]. The highest quintile for the TP was associated with decreased prevalence of elevated blood pressure (OR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.59, 0.90) and marginally lower trends for abdominal obesity (OR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.58, 0.98; P-trend = 0.06), but neither of the dietary patterns was associated with prevalence of metabolic syndrome. The consumption of instant noodles ≥2 times/wk was associated with a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome (OR: 1.68; 95% CI: 1.10, 2.55) in women but not in men (OR: 0.93; 95% CI: 0.58, 1.49; P-interaction = 0.04). The 2 major dietary patterns were associated with distinct cardiometabolic risk factors. The consumption of instant noodles was associated with increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in women, independent of major dietary patterns.

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